新成屋照著做,省錢又有風格 (裝潢的順序)


新成屋照著做,省錢又有風格 (裝潢的順序)

基本上 新成屋屋主想自己設計自己的房子並不難,但是思緒絕對要清楚,室內設計的施做 可以分成兩大項一為『功能』、二為『風格』,『功能』指的是幫助生活完成的實際施做, 例如:冷氣、插座、崁燈;『風格』指的是幫助『功能』完成的整體視覺氛圍, 例如:牆色、風格家具、掛畫,簡單的來說就室內設計就是『用風格來完成功能 在合理的預算之內』

工班功能與風格的比例如下: 冷氣(100%功能) 、電工(100%功能) 、木工(70%功能30%風格) 、油漆(30%功能70%風格) 、地板(50%功能50%風格)、系統(60%功能40%風格)、燈具(70%功能30%風格)、活動家具(30%功能70%風格)。

我們提供 付費性質的現場諮詢,幫助您 方便的動線、夢想的風格、合理的估價 歡迎您參考: http://pochouchiu.blogspot.com/2007/10/5000-9000.html

※要點一: 想了解更多室內設計的『功能』與『風格』:掌握『功能』與『風格』,室內設計也可以DIY http://pochouchiu.blogspot.com/2006/09/diy.html

※要點二:看似複雜的室內設計 其實可以藉著專業諮詢與監工,自己發小包 來完成,自己發小包很省錢還可以完成自己的風格屋  http://pochouchiu.blogspot.com/2007/10/5000-9000.html

在這裡以一個不動泥做的新成屋為例,其工班順序應為 冷氣、電工、木工、燈具開洞、油漆、非泥作地板(若有)、系統、燈具裝燈、清潔、活動家具、窗簾,我們以此為順序 依次說明:

●步驟一 冷氣:
冷氣應分為2個階段完成,第一階段為工程初期的這個時候:佈置冷媒管與室內機的排水管,這時候冷氣的安裝須考慮未來如何減少木做又能藏的住冷煤管與排水管,室內機的安裝可以在油漆之後。
※要點一:
裝潢前,先考慮冷氣安裝的位置。冷氣最好裝在離室外機近,除縮短冷媒管線長度  又可增加冷媒效率,還可減少隱藏大批管線的木作面積,施作木工前若能決定室內所有冷氣位置,未來木工天花板的任務就是隱藏冷媒管。
《圖例說明 連續三張 before & after》
http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/sets/72157626354162009/


※要點二:
若天花板沒有灑水頭與雜亂線路 其實無須全室木作天花板,冷媒管可以走樑近壁,木工以包樑或假樑的方式一樣可以遮住冷媒管,如圖,除了裝飾用的線板 完全沒有木工 請參考
《圖例說明》
http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/2496734896/in/set-72157601502398261/  or  http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/2496734642/in/set-72157601502398261/

● 步驟二 電工:
若是木做天花板 ,電工應在木做天花板封起來之前,先佈崁燈相關位置的線路,另外要考慮的是電視、網路出線位置是否得宜,當然若要裝投影設備、浴室是否要裝220電的三合一暖風機 也需要電工的幫忙,至於5.1音響的後置喇叭因為有無線喇叭的選擇 不再是困難。

●步驟三 木工:
裝修要省錢,一定得要從木作動腦筋。木作因為是純人工手做,所以難壓下成本,傳統上常佔裝潢超過3/4的比例,若是輕裝修希望能只占五分之一,木作不外乎是:天、地、壁、櫃:

※『天』:天花板
§選擇一: 若天花板沒有雜亂線路就無須再做木作天花板,冷媒管可以走樑近壁,木工以包樑或假樑的方式一樣可以遮住冷媒管 如圖,除了裝飾用的線板與包樑遮祝冷媒管 完全沒有木工 請參考 http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/2496734642/in/set-72157601502398261/
§選擇二: 若做木作天花板,好處是 可以遮住灑水頭、可以裝崁燈、層板燈 增加普照式照明
若有施做 平鋪的木做天花板 即可用崁燈,木做天花板 可留12公分深度 即可裝下崁燈,若是省電燈泡的光源,即可裝俗稱漢堡燈的燈具,空間若不大 可以距離牆30到40 公分距離 做崁燈,可以將崁燈對齊,當然嵌燈若能用聚光性較強有投射效果的的鹵素或Led燈會 是營造氣氛的好選擇 ,以前用的大部分是滷素燈 若想更節能減碳 可以使用 Led燈。大範圍間接照明的木做層版燈 可以參考 間接照明的幾個大原則 http://mypaper.pchome.com.tw/shangri/post/1282729239

※『地』:大部分地板廠商會較木工便宜許多,因為地板廠商進貨直接、工班較簡單,地板中 PVC地板 也就是俗稱的塑膠地板,一坪大約$900到$1000, 是普通超耐磨地板的1/3價錢,大量縮減昂貴的人工木作,而且施工十分快速方便 請參考
http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/5464456781/in/set-72157626438678539
也請參考
地板的種類與選擇  http://pochouchiu.blogspot.com/2007/11/blog-post_12.html


※『壁』:為了營造壁面氛圍,可以以以油漆彩牆代替木工貼皮,因為一定會油漆,沒必要大費周章的木作工程;況且油漆是最經濟改變家居氛圍的材料,一般人以為小空間面積較?局促,牆壁一定要刷白才有空間擴大的效果,其實不然,彩牆顏色若挑選得宜,反而能做出深度感,拉大空間的視覺效果,況且白牆與有顏色的牆價錢差不多,加上空間可以利用牆壁、家具等區域的鮮豔的色彩來擴充房間的視覺感受,省錢又有風格,何樂而不為。圖例與更多說明 請參考 http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/3432649139/in/set-72157621159351632/

※『櫃』:臥室衣櫥盡量用較低廉成本的系統家具取代繁複訂做的手工貼皮木作衣櫥,用制式的收納櫃取代訂製品、這樣的系統衣櫥預算只要木工的1/3便可以達成,而且還省了門片油漆的費用,因為系統家具不用上漆,東省西省,就可以省下不少錢。 圖例與更多說明 請參考 http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/2969540629/in/set-72157608405378012/
or http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/5464455651/

 ●步驟三.5 燈具1:若有做木工天花板,要在油漆前開燈洞

●步驟四 油漆:
為了營造壁面氛圍,可以以以油漆彩牆代替木工貼皮,因為一定會油漆,沒必要大費周章的木作工程;況且油漆是最經濟改變家居氛圍的材料,一般人以為小空間面積較?局促,牆壁一定要刷白才有空間擴大的效果,其實不然,彩牆顏色若挑選得宜,反而能做出深度感,拉大空間的視覺效果,況且白牆與有顏色的牆價錢差不多,加上空間可以利用牆壁、家具等區域的鮮豔的色彩來擴充房間的視覺感受,省錢又有風格,何樂而不為。圖例與更多說明 請參考
http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/3432649139/in/set-72157621159351632/

※要點一:大地色系是好選擇
在台灣,通常是白牆,建議不妨嘗試大地色系,牆色不應是主角,應該是個稱出好家具、家飾的最佳配角,加上黑色的大地色系因為明度低,才能夠稱明度高的特色家具,色彩有層次空間才容易有深度感。那麼到底該怎麼樣來調配這個最佳配角呢?首先挑出您偏好的色相,若您喜歡藍色,將它加上黑色,成為灰藍色,明度降低之後,成為大地色,跟著可以因為個別空間的光線差異,加上白漆,略為調整、深深淺淺交互運用,會有另外一番風味。

※要點二:冷、暖色系一起使用
另外空間若夠大,也可以搭配另一組相對的色相,例如藍色是冷色系,其互補色系可以選擇另外一個暖色系色相,例如南瓜湯色來做為另幾道牆的顏色,這樣一來空間就不會太偏冷或太偏暖,而且冷暖色系的互用能在大空間內能創造出錯落有致的感覺。色彩試漆牆上後,可以等一等,一般來說漆乾了與漆整面之後會變深,而且牆色會因現場光線與鄰近顏色而改變感覺,這時候您可以反覆觀察與想像家具擺置後的搭配,如何讓未來家具與裝飾在屋內變的和諧美觀,秘訣就在於這個階段背景牆色的搭配。

※要點三:沒背板的的活動家具、沒背板部分牆色跳出,活潑又省錢:
若是無背板的活動式家具 或 開放式系統櫃設計,可以先將壁面漆上色彩,再放活做系統書櫃,櫃背鏤空的設計,能一眼望見壁面顏色,不僅減低『系統感』也強化視覺層次,一方面好看,另一方面也因為少用系統材料(以尺計價) ,可以降低整體造價 圖例與更多說明 請參考

※要點四:油漆變化 做成壁紙效果
http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/4090030345/in/set-72157622770199400/

●步驟五 木地板 (非泥作地板 若有):
一般來說 找專業的地板廠商施作 比木工施做木地板 便宜許多,原因 1.鋪設木地板 技術單純、較十八般武藝樣樣俱全的木工 簡單許多 所以也便宜許多; 2. 專業地板廠商進貨直接、不用木工再轉一手;3. 專業地板種類選擇較多 ,更多木地板知識 請參考  『地板的種類與選擇』 http://pochouchiu.blogspot.com/2007/11/blog-post_12.html

●步驟六 系統:
收納強的櫥櫃類盡量用較低廉成本的系統家具取代繁複訂做的手工貼皮木作衣櫥,用制式的收納櫃取代訂製品、這樣的系統衣櫥預算只要木工的1/3便可以達成,而且還省了門片油漆的費用,因為系統家具不用上漆,東省西省,就可以省下不少錢。 圖例與更多說明 請參考 http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/2969540629/in/set-72157608405378012/ or http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/5464455651/

※要點一:系統櫃身、IKEA門片:
系統櫃的好處是 櫃身堅固、又較木工便宜,缺點是櫃門較呆板,IKEA的長處是風格門片、櫃身較弱,我們可以取系統堅固價廉的櫃身,但換上好看風格的IKEA 櫃門,這樣就兩全其美,圖例與更多說明 請參考 http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/1146738540/in/set-72157608155659309/

※要點二:幾種 木工接系統 再接 Ikea Pax 門片的方式 請參考 http://pochouchiu.blogspot.com/2010/03/ikea-pax.html

※要點三:沒背板的系統櫃、活潑又省錢:
若是無門片的開放式系統櫃設計,可以不做系統背面(櫃背),先將壁面漆上色彩,再做系統書櫃,櫃背鏤空的設計,能一眼望見壁面顏色,不僅減低『系統感』也強化視覺層次,一方面好看,另一方面也因為少用系統材料(以尺計價) ,可以降低整體造價 圖例與更多說明 請參考
http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/360910639/in/set-72157608155659309/

※要點四:全室都用系統 案例圖片解析
http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolkar/3926022869/in/set-72157621754299199(連續3張)

●步驟七 燈具2:
※要點一: 燈光DIY 秘訣大公開 (圖文對照)  http://pochouchiu.blogspot.com/2010/10/diy.html

要點二:垂吊燈具 (Suspension Lights)、 水晶燈(Chandelier) 注意事項 http://pochouchiu.blogspot.com/2007/11/suspension-lights-or-chandelier-q.html

●步驟八 清潔:

●步驟九 活動家具:
※要點一:現成家具 取代木作櫃
一般電視牆不論做木作或大理石都很花錢,選用現成家具矮櫃來替代電視櫃,日後搬家時還可帶走。用價廉物美的工業化家具代替訂製化的木作‧訂製品愈少愈省錢。

※要點二:讓活動家具主導 室內風格

●步驟十 窗簾:

看似複雜的室內設計 其實可以藉著專業諮詢與監工,自己發小包 來完成,自己發小包很省錢還可以完成自己的風格屋  http://pochouchiu.blogspot.com/2007/10/5000-9000.html

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